The harmful effects of UV radiation on the body can be devastating. One such affect is the extensive damage caused to DNA, resulting in the abnormal growth of body cells and the development of skin cancer. UV radiation is given out by the sun in the form of UVB and UVA rays and can also be emitted by tanning beds in the form of UVA rays. The UVA rays given out from tanning beds is more dangerous than natural UV from the sun because it has 12 times the UVA rays of the sun, causing more damage to the cells of the body and increasing the risk of developing skin cancer further. As skin cancer is an increasingly common disease around the globe, it is vital that you are aware of the ways in which you can reduce your risk of developing the disease. This article will highlight a number of methods that will assist you in doing so effectively.
1. Carcinogens –These are chemicals that can cause cancer within the human body. To lower your risk of developing skin cancer through the exposure to such chemicals, you should be aware of their sources and be sufficiently protected at home or in the workplace.
Protection against carcinogens (cancer-causing chemicals):
·Limit exposure to chimney soot, shale, and coal powders.
·Avoid exposure to paraffin or industrial tar.
2. Tanning Beds -Avoid the use of sun beds, tanning suites or tanning services provided in salons.
3. Regularly inspect and check your body for any abnormalities– Skin cancer tumors can appear as discolored patches of skin or irregular shaped beauty spots and moles.
What to look out for when carrying out self-exams for skin cancer:
·Patches of skin that bleed easily or look irritated and sore
·>New and unusual growths on the surface of your skin
·Sores that don’t seem to be healing properly over time
·Scabby, red patches of skin
Skin cancer tumors can occur anywhere on the body. However, the most common locations for the signs of a skin cancer tumor are areas of the body that are more frequently exposed to the sun. These areas may include the face, arms, hands, neck, and shoulders.
People with a high number of freckles or natural body moles may have an increased risk of developing skin cancer. In order to monitor and detect the presence of a skin cancer tumor, you should regularly check these moles and ensure that they have not changed shape or color. Earlier diagnosis of any cancer or disease will increase your chances of survival and mean that your quality of life will also be better than if you are diagnosed further down the line.