What is Type 1 Diabetes?
You might be aware of diabetes and its complications, but may not know its types. Diabetes is actually a condition in which blood sugar levels get high. It may be either due to decreased production of insulin (type 1) or due to the improper functioning (type 2) of secreted insulin. Type 1 diabetes is also known as juvenile diabetes as it is more common in children/teenagers. Its exact cause is unknown, but is thought to be due to viral infections as well as genetic abnormalities. Insulin is produced by pancreas and anything that destroys pancreas can cause insulin deficiency. In type 1 diabetes, the insulin producing cells are attacked and destroyed by body’s own immune system.
Manifestations of type 1 diabetes
The symptoms and signs of type 1 diabetes are:
- Polyuria (increased urination)
- Polydipsia (increased thirst)
- Weight loss
- Increased hunger
- Elevated fasting blood glucose level
A lot of work is being done to find new solutions to various ailments. Researchers are working for the cure of type 1 diabetes using antibodies (proteins that kill foreign bodies). They have found that there are certain kinds of proteins in the body which may have a protective role against type 1 diabetes and may be able to help avert diabetes.
Future of this antibody in the treatment of type 1 diabetes
The future of this antibody for the treatment of type 1 diabetes is unclear at the moment, but it is not bleak. With a little more research, this antibody treatment may bring hope for those at risk of developing type 1 diabetes.